Your urinary tract consists of two kidneys, two ureters- each arising from one kidney, the urinary bladder where the urine is collected, and the urethra. Infection in any of these parts is known as urinary tract infection.
Most commonly, infection of the urinary bladder and urethra occurs. Women are more prone to urinary tract infections as compared to men because of the changed anatomy of their urinary tract. Women have shorter urethra as compared to men. Due to this reason, bacteria can travel upwards easily and even cause cystitis. If you have a complaint of recurrent urinary tract infections, you can visit the best urologist in Lahore.
Urinary tract infection, if left untreated, can become life-threatening. Therefore you should never ignore its symptoms.
Urinary tract infection symptoms
Sometimes urinary tract infections do not cause any symptoms. Whereas sometimes they may cause. The signs and symptoms of a urinary tract infection are :
- A strong urge to urinate
- Urgency to urinate
- Burning and pain while urinating
- Cloudy urine
- Urine that contains blood
- A strong odor of urine
- Passing small amounts of urine
- Pain in the lower abdomen and pelvis
- Fever and chills
- Increased heart rate
Urinary tract infection causes
A urinary tract infection can occur due to fungus, virus, or bacteria invasion into the body. Most commonly Urinary tract infection causes, it occurs when a bacteria enters your body through the urethra and starts replicating inside, eventually causing a urinary tract infection.
Infection of the bladder mostly occurs due to a bacteria known as E. Coli, which is present in the stool. If you wipe from back to front, there are fair chances that you may transmit them to the urethra- from where they can travel upwards towards your urinary bladder.
It can also occur due to sexual intercourse. However, being sexually active is not necessary for getting a urinary tract infection.
Risk factors :
The risk factors for urinary tract infections are:
Urinary tract infections are common in females. Most women have a UTI more than once in life.
UTI symptoms female
Women are more prone to urinary tract infections as compared to men because of the changed anatomy of the urinary tract. Women have shorter urethra as compared to men. Due to this reason, bacteria can travel upwards easily and even cause cystitis.
Moreover, the distance between their anus and urethra is short, due to which bacteria like E. Coli can travel easily to the urinary tract and cause infection. Therefore you should always wipe from front to back. In this way, you can prevent contamination of the urethra with E. Coli bacteria.
Sexually active women are at more risk of getting a urinary tract infection. Also, having more than one sex partner increases the risk.
Birth control methods
Different types of birth control methods that women use can put them at risk of getting a UTI. Especially if they use a diaphragm or a spermicide.
Women at menopause have low circulating estrogen-that makes them more prone to urinary tract infections.
what causes urinary tract infection
- Abnormality in the urinary tract that does not let the urine pass out normally from the body or cause a backup of urine in the urethra.
- Any blockage in the urinary tract like kidney stones or an enlarged prostate can cause the accumulation of urine. That can, in turn, become a hub of infections.
- Having a suppressed immune system due to long-term immunosuppressants use, or having a disease like HIV or having diabetes.
- People who have a urinary catheter inserted to get urine out of their body. Bacteria from outside can travel with ease into your body. It increases the chances of a urinary tract infection many folds.
- Getting any urinary procedure done or urinary examination.
Urinary Tract Infection Complications
- Urinary tract infection, if left untreated, can become life-threatening. It can cause complications like:
- Permanent kidney damage
- Urethral narrowing in men
- Sepsis – a life-threatening condition in which bacteria invades your blood.
Urinary tract infection treatment and Prevention Method
- To prevent a urinary tract infection, you can take the following safety measures:
- Wipe from front to back
- Drink plenty of fluids
- Urinate soon after having a sexual intercourse
- Choose your contraception methods wisely
- Drink cranberry juice
- Do not use feminine irritating products
Urinary tract infections should be treated on time. You should not ignore its signs and symptoms. Mostly you will need to take antibiotics to treat it. Make sure you complete the course of antibiotics as prescribed by your physician. Do not leave taking medication in between or when you feel better. Doing this can lead to antibiotics resistance, making the infection more difficult to treat. If you have a complaint about any of the above-mentioned symptoms, you can visit the best urologist in Karachi.
why do i keep getting urinary tract infections?
During intercourse, bacteria enter the urethra – which carries urine from your body – and cause infection. Hormonal changes during menopause. An abnormally shaped or functioning urinary tract. The tendency to develop bladder infections can be inherited (genetic predisposition)
why does my uti keep coming back
Recurrent bladder infections (UTIs) are more likely in women for a variety of reasons. Stones in the kidneys or bladder are some of these factors. During sexual contact, bacteria enter the urethra, which transports urine from the body.
uti comes back right after antibiotics
UTI coming back after antibiotics
If your symptoms persist after taking antibiotics for a UTI or if you notice blood in your urine, it could mean there is something more serious going on, like bladder cancer. There are many similarities between the symptoms of bladder cancer and bladder infections.
uti not responding to antibiotics
A urinary tract infections caused by an antibiotic-resistant bacteria means the bacteria is not susceptible to antibiotic treatment. It occurs when bacteria become resistant to antibiotics when they are frequently or continuously administered.
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